A bi-directional tilt plan was used with a 3 tilt increment. Level bars, 10 ?. NIHMS1528032-supplement-Supplemental_Movie_2.mp4 (22M) GUID:?6D895386-DFD4-47D6-BE6A-AB3F33FA2AC3 Supplemental Movie 3: S3 Movie. Focused 3D classification (R)-BAY1238097 of DARPin-aldolase subunit in complex with GFP, related to Number 3The focused classification classes from Number Mouse monoclonal to TCF3 3 are demonstrated at Chimera threshold 0.01 with clipping to demonstrate that each class has density and the GFP barrels are hollow. This movie accompanies Number 3. Level pub, 10 ?. NIHMS1528032-supplement-Supplemental_Movie_3_.mp4 (6.4M) GUID:?63921BD1-2836-49F4-939E-3732E20349DF Data Availability Statement Data deposition The cryoEM density map and coordinates of the GFP:DARPin-aldolase complex have been deposited in the Electron Microscopy Data Lender (EMDB) and the Protein Data Lender (PDB) with access codes: EMD-9277 and PDB 6MWQ. Software availability This study did not create additional software. The software used here (summarized in Important Resources Table) has been published and is publically available. Software was utilized from programmer websites, or from your SBGrid Consortium(Morin et al., 2013). Summary Solving protein structures by solitary particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryoEM) has become a crucial tool in structural biology. While fascinating progress is being made towards visualization of small macromolecules, the median protein size in both eukaryotes and bacteria is still beyond the reach of cryoEM. To overcome this problem, we implemented a platform strategy where a small protein target was rigidly attached to a large, symmetric base via a selectable adapter. Of our seven designs, the best construct used designed ankyrin repeat protein (DARPin) rigidly fused to tetrameric rabbit muscle mass aldolase through a helical linker. The DARPin retained its ability to bind its target: green fluorescent protein (GFP). We solved the structure of this complex to 3.0 ? resolution overall, with 5 to 8 ? resolution in the GFP region. As flexibility in the DARPin position limited the overall resolution of the prospective, we describe strategies to rigidify this element. ribosome, (Noeske et al., 2015; Shoji et al., 2011) -galactosidase (-gal) (Bartesaghi et al., 2015), the vipA/vipB helical tube (Kudryashev et al., 2015), an artificial nanocage based on EPN-01(Votteler et al., 2016), TibC (Yao et al., 2014), and aldolase (Herzik et al., 2017). Our initial expression trials utilized the PrA/scFv strategy discussed in the previous section with -gal. Concurrently, we found that the ribosomal protein L29-PrA fusion could be indicated, but we were unable to incorporate it into L29 ribosomes (Shoji et al., 2011). Because -gal tetramerization requires the N- and C-termini of each subunit (Ullmann et al., 1967), an internal DARPin insertion was used, flanked by a helix-forming peptide (in the DARPin N-cap) and a flexible linker (in the DARPin C-cap) (Padilla et al., 2001). Biochemically the ?-gal-DARPin platform formed a stable complex with GFP, but no cryoEM density was observed for the DARPin or GFP in our 3 ? reconstruction. This means that the helical linker was flexible relative to the -gal foundation. Our design for the EPN-01 centered nanocage also (R)-BAY1238097 put the DARPin into the middle of the sequence. The EPN-01 DARPin fusion protein failed the manifestation test. We consequently focused on bases having a terminal -helix that may be rigidly fused to the DARPin. The vipA/vipB, TibC, and aldolase proteins all experienced long terminal -helices to facilitate direct fusion (Number 1A, S1A). In our experiments, the helical tube vipA-DARPin/vipB platform exhibited poor manifestation in E. cloni and BL21(DE3) cells were cultured in Luria Broth or Autoinduction medium with appropriate antibiotics. Method Details Computational design Designs were generated by analyzing the atomic coordinates of the base protein, the selectable adapter, and the prospective in UCSF Chimera (Pettersen et al., 2004) or COOT (Emsley and Cowtan, 2004), by hand modifying the positions to approximate a fusion protein between the foundation and the selectable adapter, and assessing the design for potential steric hindrance. Promising designs left enough room for the prospective protein to bind the selectable adapter. The PDB identifiers of the models used in this process are (R)-BAY1238097 summarized in the Key Resources Table. The sequences of the constructs tested are reported in DataS1. KEY RESOURCES TABLE E. cloni 10G Chemically Proficient cellsLucigenCat #60106-2BL21(DE3)LucigenCat #60401-3Deposited DataCryo-EM map of GFP:DARPin-aldolase structureThis paperEMD-9277Coordinates of GFP:DARPin-aldolase structureThis paperPDB 6MWQCoordinates of rabbit muscle mass aldolase(Herzik et al., 2017)PDB 5VY5Coordinates of.